ECAS Knowledge Centre
Freedom of Movement in the EU
European Citizens' Initiative (ECI)
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Following an article by the Prime Minister's in the Financial Times on 27 November 2013 in which he said he shared concerns about the impact of lifting transitional restrictions on the rights of Romanian and Bulgarian nationals to work in the UK from 1 January 2014, the Government has introduced a raft of measures "to tighten up our EEA migration rules to ensure our welfare system is not taken advantage of."
This Statement of Intent sets out the basis of the EU Settlement Scheme we plan to begin opening later this year to enable EU citizens resident in the UK and their family members to continue living here permanently.The scheme set out in this Statement of Intent will deliver on our commitments for a straightforward, user-friendly system for EU citizens and their family members to obtain UK immigration status. The majority of applicants will only need to prove their identity and that they are resident in the UK, and we will check that they are not a serious criminal. But the scheme will also cater for the wide variety of personal circumstances protected by the draft Withdrawal Agreement.
Brexit negotiations are in full swing. A main point of contention involves the freedom of movement of EU citizens. To explore the legal basis and limitations of a key EU right, we interviewed Federico Fabbrini, Professor of European Law.
One result of the UK's referendum on EU membership on 23 June 2016 has been to leave behind a situation of considerable legal and personal uncertainty for EU27 citizens and their families resident in the UK, andUK citizens and their families resident in the EU27 Member States. It has also struck a blow against the viability of much of the UK economy, where a 'high employment–low wage–low productivity' triangle haslargely been kept in place by a ready supply of labour from elsewhere within the Single Market, especially since the post-2004 enlargements. It is the putative impact of this supply of flexible and arguably cheaperlabour on domestic labour markets which means that calls to end free movement come not just from those who oppose immigration per se, but also from those on the political left who profess an internationalistoutlook yet who argue that free movement makes it harder to pursue domestic policies that push the UK towards being a 'high wage–high productivity' economy. The focus in this chapter is on the individual rights and status consequences of the ending of free movement as a result of leaving the EU, rather than wider questions about either the principles (Parker 2017) or the appropriate policy and regulatory mix (Boswell et al. 2017) for immigration and mobility in the post-Brexit UK.
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