ECAS Knowledge Centre
Freedom of Movement in the EU
European Citizens' Initiative (ECI)
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This thesis is a study of EU migrant citizens' substantive social rights. Much research has concerned itself with the expansion of freedom of movement and cross-border social rights in the EU. However, most of this research has analysed only formal rights, overlooking substantive rights. In the multilevel setting that is the EU, social rights are being adjudicated at a supra-national level, but realised at the national and sub-national level. Numerous differentregulations, actors and practices thus shape the substantive social rights of EU migrant citizens, making their rights especially prone to distortion in the process of practical implementation. Examining how formal rights translate into substantive ones is important to understand how and where the lines of exclusion and inclusion of European social citizenship are drawn. Specifically, the thesis looks as how formal social rights translate into substantive rights witha focus on the local level. This is where any pressures from internal EU-migration on social provision are felt, where gaps in the social protection of EU migrant citizens make themselves evident, and where many social rights are exercised. The central research question of the thesis is thus: how are EU migrant citizens' social rights governed at the local level?
The interface between knowledge and decision-making is broken. Societal discussion surrounding this interface over the past few years reveals several disappointments and a frustrated atmosphere. The results from a survey Sitra conducted in the summer of 2017 reinforce this notion. Problems have been identified both in knowledge production and decision-making. Resolving complex societal problems requires a more comprehensive perspective with a more dialogical approach and a broader perspective on what is considered as knowledge and expertise. Despite acknowledging the problems in the interface between knowledge anddecision-making, no determined effort for improvement has been made. Why? Where are the greatest obstacles? What type of new thinking does achieving change require?
The Survey offers a snapshot of the development of e-government in countries across the globe. Its findings may be used in reflecting on the kind of e-government that will best support the implementation of the SDGs. It can help countries learn from one another and support each others' efforts to provide inclusive and equitable electronic and mobile services to all and bridge the digital divide.
E-government and innovation can provide significant opportunities to transform public administration into an instrument of sustainable development. E-government is "the use of ICT and its application by the government for the provision of information and public services to the people" (Global E-Government Readiness Report 2004). More broadly, e-government can be referred to as the use and application of information technologies in public administration to streamline and integrate workflows and processes, to effectively manage data and information, enhance public service delivery, as well as expand communication channels for engagement and empowerment of people. The opportunities offered by the digital development of recent years, whether through online services, big data, social media, mobile apps, or cloud computing, are expanding the way we look at e-government. While e-government still includes electronic interactions of three types—i.e. government-to-government (G2G); government-to-business (G2B); and government-to-consumer (G2C)—a more holistic and multi-stakeholder approach is taking shape.Through innovation and e-government, public administrations around the world can be more efficient, provide better services and respond to demands for transparency and accountability. E-government can help governments go green and promote effective natural resource management, as well as stimulate economicgrowth and promote social inclusion, particularly of disadvantaged and vulnerable groups. ICTs have also proven to be effective platforms to facilitate knowledge sharing, skills development, transfer of innovative e-government solutions and capacity-building for sustainable development among countries. E-governmentcan generate important benefits in the form of new employment, better health and education.
Project Greenback 2.0 is a project led by the World Bank, in partnership with the City of Turin, aimed at fostering the development of an efficient and transparent market for remittances. Within this framework, this survey, conducted by FIERI and Laboratorio R. Revelli between July and September 2013, investigated the demand side of the remittance market in the city of Turin, collecting 480 in-depth interviews of migrants from the Moroccan, Peruvian and Romanian communities. These are the three most numerous communities in the city and the largest in terms of remittances sent to the country of origin. The survey is aimed at describing the economic and financial profile of migrants. Specifically, it investigates the interconnected dimensions of financial behaviors -- patterns of consumption and savings, remittances and investments, and financial needs and aspirations. Strong emphasis is given to remittance services and access to different types of financial products and services.
The tactic and strategic deployment of (socio)technologies for collective action has been a recurrentgesture of these movements. Experimentation and large scale citizen participation have gone hand inhand with a multitudinous deployment of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Apoll in 17 countries of the 5 continents, carried out in 2013 by the communication lab of LisbonUniversity, coordinated by Gustavo Cardoso , points to the existence of a global tendency on thisregard: millions of people across the world (especially in countries where protests and uprisingstook place between 2011 and 2013) have developed political practices in and through socialnetworks. At the same time, according to Manuel Castells (2014), between 50% and 80% of thecitizens of the world do not feel represented by political parties and governments; they call intoquestion the institutional rules of democracy. In this context, movements such as those mentionedabove repose the very meaning of democracy in the contemporary networked societies that theythemselves help to (re)constitute.
A large part of the Italian welfare system is designed and implemented at the very local level, leading to a high degree of heterogeneity in the type and the generosity of available programs across the country. As a consequence, studies of welfare use based on standard household surveys may fail to consider a large part of welfare recipients and provisions. In this paper I overcome such a problem by combining the analysis of welfare use in the Italian sample of the European Survey of Incomes and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) with theinvestigation of a new administrative archive that contains information on means tests certificates needed for applying to all kind of locally administered welfare programs. Results show that, without controlling for observable characteristics, migrants from outside the EU are more likely to receive or apply for welfare. Once individual and household characteristics are controlled for, such a residual welfare dependency is greatly reduced but does not disappear Geographical location is a key factor, given that migrants tend to locate in therichest areas of the country, which also happen to be the ones where the local welfare is most generous.
On 29 June, ECAS launched a survey on the personal data requirement in the Commission's draft regulation of the European Citizens' Initiative (COM(2010) 119 final), on which the Council gave its opinion on 14 June 2010.
The European Commission has designated the year 2006 as 'European Year of Workers' Mobility'. The purpose of the initiative is to inform EU citizens of the benefits and the costs of both geographical mobility and job or labour market mobility; the realities of working in another country or changing job or career; and the rights they are entitled to as migrant workers. The initiative also aims to promote the exchange of good practice between public authorities and institutions, the social partners and the private sector, and to promote greater study of the scale and nature of geographical and job mobility within the Union.
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