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Freedom of Movement in the EU
European Citizens' Initiative (ECI)
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This case study presents the experiences of Spirit of Ruchill and Possilpark (SoRP) andtheir use of digital tools for the 'Spirit Marketplace' participatory budgeting initiative in the Possilpark and Ruchill area of Glasgow, which took place in early 2017. The initiative provided the opportunity for people to vote for community projects that could receive a proportion of a £15,000 funding pot made available by the Scottish Government Community Choices Fund.
This case study presents the experiences of The City of Edinburgh Council and the Leith Neighbourhood Partnership's use of digital tools as part of the £eith Decides participatory budgeting initiative during Autumn 2016. The initiative encouraged people to vote for community projects to receive funding from the £44,184 Community Grants Fund made available by the Leith Neighbourhood Partnership. The Council was supported by a team from The Democratic Society to select, embed and test a digitaltool. This was provided through the 'Digital Tools for Participatory Budgeting in Scotland' programme, made possible through grant funding from Scottish Government to The Democratic Society.
This case study presents the experiences of Fife Council's use of digital tools for the'Oor Bit Fife – Places and Spaces' participatory budgeting initiative in the Cowdenbeath area, which took place in late 2016. The initiative provided the opportunity for people to suggest ideas that could receive a proportion of a £250,000 funding pot made available by the Cowdenbeath Area Committee.
This case study presents the experiences of Angus Council when they used a digital tool for a participatory budgeting (PB) initiative, which took place in June – October 2016. The initiative provided the opportunity for people to suggest ideas that could receive aproportion of a £20,000 funding pot. Angus Council was supported by The Democratic Society to select, embed and test one digital tool which was provided as part of the 'Digital Tools for Participatory Budgeting in Scotland' programme. Funding for the digital tools and support was made possible by provision of grant funding from Scottish Government to The Democratic Society.
Open policy making is a term that originated in the UK government's civil service reform work, and which refers to a connected set of open government approaches including transparency, bringing different voices into the policy making process, and experimenting with new participation initiatives. It has generally focused on civil service action rather than legislative, media or parliamentary action. This report assesses the history of the European Union's related initiatives, particularly within the Commission, and considers the opportunities and challenges for an open policy approach at European level. The Commission's approach to open policy making has followed developments elsewhere. As public sector practice has developed, the EU's practice has developed, but it has not sought to position itself as an innovator. In this context, we discuss several initiatives, such as Plan D, the 2001 White Paper on Governance, and the most recent Better Regulation proposals. This report shows that the EU and its citizens could benefit from a more purposeful approach to opening up policy making. We set out a model based around several different sorts of initiative – information, transparency, crowdsourcing, commenting, deliberation, and feedback.To most citizens EU policy processes can seem complex and difficult to engage with, but civil society and policy makers share a common interest in creating better conversations and a wider range of perspectives on policy. In this report we set out the issues raised during three workshop discussions on issues in open policy making undertaken as part of this project. Through producing this report we have discovered that there is potential and interest in aproductive partnership between institutions and civil society to create a shared development agenda for open policy making. Several existing smaller projects show the possible way forward for such a partnership. We discuss the European Citizens' Initiative, Futurium, Citizen Dialogues, the Better Regulation proposals, and two external initiatives that the EU has supported, such as Debating Europe and D-CENT. Such a partnership also has barriers to overcome. We consider the different logics of policy making and crowdsourcing, the difficulties of engaging people in highly complex issues, and the role of experts. Finally, we consider the most productive avenues for future work, and make recommendations. We focus on better communications, transparency, focused experiments on participation, new routes for comment, mixing methods of engagement, and connecting the European conversation into city-level and local conversations.
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